The tyre is much more than just an air-filled rubber ring. It’s a sophisticated engineering feat that may take many different forms and is mainly built to handle a wide range of difficulties. Here, we’ll go through the many types of tyre categories and the unique benefits each Bridgestone Tyres Wolverhampton may provide for your car.

Tread Types Based on Construction

Tyres are usually built in two main ways: radial ply and bias ply. The technique of manufacture has an impact on the tyres’ toughness, ride, and fuel efficiency. In India, trucks still use a lot of bias tyres while radial tyres are the most popular choice for vehicles.

Radial Type Construction

The belts of radial-ply tyres are at a 90-degree angle to the tyre, and they overlap rather than cross one another. Under the tread of radial tyres is another belt that runs around the tyre, often made of steel cable. With the radial design, the tyre’s sidewall may bend under loads without compromising the tread’s contact with the ground.

Radial tyres provide advantages:

In 1946, Michelin unveiled and patented the radial tyre. Since then, the advantages of radial type construction over bias tyres have gained international recognition. Although bias tyres can still use in some situations, radials have advantages that bias tyres do not. Radials are the chosen choice for the majority because of these advantages Tyres Wolverhampton.


The way radial tyres get constructed is partially responsible for their benefits. Coated steel wires are strung parallel to the tire’s circumferential centre line from bead to bead to bead. The radial plies beneath the tread of the tyre are then covered with steel belts. The sidewalls are a distinct unit from the tread framework, forming a two-part construction.

Puncture Resistance

The tread’s resistance to punctures is a result of the strength of the steel belts’ several layers. The sidewalls may flex independently of the tread thanks to the two-part design of the tyre structure. As a result, even when the sidewalls flex under pressure or during a corner, the tread remains in touch with the road. Since the sidewall doesn’t “roll over” to show itself to the road surface, this considerably lowers the possibility of foreign items puncturing the sidewalls.


The same design features that make radial tyres less likely to puncture also make them more traction-friendly than bias ply tyres. Even when loaded, the tread of the radial tyre maintains touch with the pavement.

Under a load, a bias ply tire’s tread will deform, reducing the amount of tread area in contact with the road.

Efficiency of Heat

Radial tyres’ steel wires serve as heat sinks to offset the effects of heat. As a result, the tyre maintains a lower operating temperature than a bias tyre of comparable size. When a bias tyre warms up from continuous highway driving, the plies are more likely to burst, increasing the risk of blowouts.

Calm Ride

Due to its two-part composition, the radial tyre provides a quieter, more comfortable ride than the bias tyre. Because it gives less resistance to the road surface, it is also more fuel efficient. Under identical workloads and circumstances, radial tyres often last longer than bias tyres.

Types of Tyres according to weather and road condition:

Summer tyres

On both dry and rainy roads in warmer weather, summer tyres’ specialized rubber formula provides exceptional grip and handling. Additionally, they have less rolling resistance, which results in better fuel economy and quieter roads.

In comparison to winter tyres, summer tyres have a more streamlined tread design with fewer water-clearing grooves, which increases the contact patch with the road. As a result, the car has better traction and braking throughout the dry summer months.

Winter tyres

Winter tyres offer exceptional traction on wet roads in cold weather as well as on terrain coated in snow and ice.

When the temperature goes below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, the tread compound of a winter tyre doesn’t harden because it includes more natural rubber (7 degrees Celsius). In frigid conditions, however, it maintains flexibility and pliability to shorten stopping distances.

Run-flat tyres

One of the most important innovations in the automobile sector since the creation of pneumatic tyres or the switch from bias-ply to radial tyres is the run-flat tyre. Why is it so revolutionary? A run-flat tyre will continue to function properly in the case of a puncture or an unexpected reduction in air pressure until the motorist can safely reach their home or the closest garage.

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By Pankajsharma

Hi, I’m Pankaj Sharma from Delhi and working as a freelancer educational blogger, photographer, designer, etc.